(Originally copied from www.eurasianist-archive.com)
The Racial Archetypes of Eurasia in the Oera Linda Chronicle
|Алекса́ндр Ду́гин (ᛉ1962)|
Author: Alexander Dugin
Translator: Jafe Arnold
Chapter 8 of Mysteries of Eurasia (1996 edition) from the collection Absolute Homeland (Moscow, Arktogeya: 1999)
Sacred teachings on race
The question of the racial layers of the Eurasian continent has occupied many researchers. In this regard, there exist the most remotely conflicting hypotheses and, moreover, not a single one of them is coherent and intelligible from a traditionalist point of view, that is, in regards to pre-history to which the origins of race date back. The views of modern scholars are so absurd and fantastical (due primarily to the influence of evolutionary theory) that their theories are even less acceptable in this sphere than in all the rest.
Moreover, it bears recognition that even within the confines of Tradition today, it is still difficult to find any more or less complete theories of the origins of races. The Biblical perspective which refers to the rise of race out of Noah’s sons – Shem, Ham, and Japheth – is either incomplete or its plausible interpretation has been entirely forgotten. Of course, it would be extremely interesting to compare the Judaistic and Christian theories of human races to even more extensive material, but this would demand a separate work altogether.
Here we propose to consider the mythological interpretation of the history of race based on the Oera Linda Chronicle, a document of the history of the Ingvaeones (whose authenticity has been disputed to the same extent that many have argued for it) . We are dealing with a myth, perhaps not even a “new myth,” but a myth which presents the advantage of suggesting a reduction confirmed by the most general historical observations. On the other hand, the various interpretations of this myth so significantly impacted the very real socio-political history of the 20th century that this alone renders it deserving of careful consideration. The Oera Linda Chronicle contained in basic terms the general features which became, in a vulgarized and simplified form, the theoretical foundation of German racism. Everything that was scattered throughout numerous publications by Nazi “experts on the racial problem” is found in concentrated form in this text.
The Three Mothers
The Oera Linda Chronicle begins with a description of the origin of races:
After the twelfth Juulfeest she brought forth three maidens [... Lyda was... Finda was... Frya was... Tex Frya's...] for she said, “Without liberty all other virtues serve to make you slaves, and to disgrace your origin.” [translation Sandbach]
It is characteristic that almost the exact same paradigm is present in the Edda “Song of Rig” which tells of Rig’s (Odin’s) visit to three couples belonging to three generations. The visit paid to “grandfather and grandmother” leads to the generation of trolls, the “slaves” described as the negroid racial type. Rig’s stay with “father and mother” produces the Karl giants, the “owners” with the phenotypic traits of the yellow race. Finally, Rig’s coming to the “husband and wife” ends in the birth of the Earl, the prince, king, or aristocrat, endowed with all the Aryan attributes of blonde hair, blue eyes, etc.
The “Song of Rig” concludes at this point, having described the sacred structure of the castes and races in ancient Germanic society, but the Oera Linda Chronicle gives us a more detailed historical narrative abounding in important symbolic details.
Atlantis and Eurasia
The racial paradigm of the Oera Linda Chronicle has a clear geographic structure corresponding to the racial one. The “Lydians” inhabit the deep South and are hardly mentioned in the Chronicle.
The primary geographical territory where the sacred history of the Oera Linda unfolds is Eurasia, especially its North-Western region. The sacred center of the Frisians is situated in the North Atlantic in “Oldland” (or Atland), i.e., the “old country” (the word “Oldland” or “Atland” peculiarly resembles “Atlantis”). Following the sinking of “Atlantis,” this center is moved to the North Sea, to the lands lying north of present day Holland and Germany which were flooded only much later. The Frisians, the children of Frya, the Aryans, thus have their origins beyond Europe, their original abode being a sacred island. The Fins, the children of Finda, on the contrary, represent the indigenous people of Eurasia inhabiting all of the lands stretching from deep Siberia to the Iberian Peninsula. The peoples of Finda, accordingly, are the original Eurasians.
The ancestral home of the Frisians can naturally be referred to as Altland, Hyperborea, or the “islands of the joyful,” with the sacred center of solar Apollo. The northern location of the ancient Aryan lands confirms all of the sacred traditions of the Aryans such as the Vedas  and the Avesta (Aryan-Veja, the polar country) as in Greek and German myths .
Eurasia, in turn, is presented as the territory of the later distribution of the Frisians. Moreover, the spread of the Frisians has always been compared either to the ousting or the assimilation of the indigenous “Finish” population. According to the Oera Linda Chronicle, this paradigm of geographical relations is fundamental to all of racial history. The Frisians are the newcomers, the bearers of sacred knowledge, those “free in god” (Gottesfreien). The Fins are the natives who perceive this knowledge, the “servants of god” (Gottesknechten). The Lydians occupy the southern peripheral position of the continental structure and do not come into direct contact with the Frisians.
Types of culture
The three paradigmatic sacred races are differentiated not so much by external signs or psychological peculiarities as they are by metaphysical positions determining their cultural manifestations. The Oera Linda Chronicle thus suggests three variations of “racial metaphysics.”
The children of Frya, the “Frisians” (Aryans, whites) live in a state of primordial “democracy.” The Frisians’ law is internal, and therefore they are “externally”, absolutely free. The religious type of the Frisian is thus the “naturally dedicated” one. Its “I” coincides with the world spirit, Wr-alda. The sacred formula of Hinduism, “Atman is Bratman”, is best of all applied to the Frisians, whose “I” is identified as the absolute. The Frisians are thus peace-loving, happy, and enlightened.
The Frisians worshipped the feminine element, the Great White Mother , or Frya, the embodiment of racial gnosis, the “Aryan Sofia,” therein granting woman the priestly functions of carrying out basic rituals and preserving sacred knowledge. Every Frisian settlement had its own “Virgin,” Burgmagde, who acted as its highest sacred authority. This “Nordic matriarchy”, however, was purely intellectual, i.e., the woman standing at its center, the “goddess,” the daughter of Freya and her embodiment, was the concentration of the Frisians’ racial idea and divine purity. Sexual symbolism was completely absent in Frisian culture insofar as Frisian consciousness was maximally close to pure intellect and had no need for sensual “resistance” to spiritual reflection. Give that the idea of “liberty” was central to them, the Frisians had no slaves.
The peoples of Finda, the “Fins,” by contrast, lived in the conditions of strict hierarchy. They had lords, servants, and slaves and their laws were carefully proscribed, implemented only by way of authoritative coercion. Their god existed outside of themselves. They were warlike, aggressive, and prone to sensual symbols with idols, fetishes, and images of “gods” being characteristic of their culture.
The “Fins” lived under patriarchy. Man stood at the center of Finish civilization and fulfilled priestly and legislative functions, while women held subordinate, secondary oppositions. Physical symbols and the “naturalization” of primordial logos structures were characteristic of the peoples of Finda’s symbolism.
Finally, the Lydians had no clear laws whatsoever, even outward ones. They obeyed chaotic impulses in accordance with their decentralized cosmos. No hierarchy existed. At the heart of their social life were scraps of “Finish” sacred complexes, while promiscuity and semi-animalist matriarchy were characteristic for them. Thus, the Lydians often came to be slaves of the peoples of Finda.
Another important detail should be noted: “criminals” who betrayed the internal laws of the spiritual race could be found among the Frisians. As a matter of habit and as a dictate of their own consciousness, they withdrew themselves to a special territory which the Oera Linda Chronicle referred to as “England.” But sometimes it was such that the Frisian outcasts came to the peoples of Finda and became their higher caste, their lords and kings. Such “Frisians” formed a special type of people, a dynasty of “magicians,” “magi,” who put the sacred potency of the Frisian race at the service of the interests of the Fins. These “magi” became priest-kings and, properly speaking, the vicissitudes of the conflict between the Frisians and Fins in Eurasia only became so deep as a result of such “racial betrayal” of the “magicians,” whose intellect gave the Finish tribes the chance to really compete with the Frisians. The “magicians”, despising the Finish people, made them into their slaves and developed the basic tenets of an ersatz-religion which imparted the sacred knowledge of the Frisians into faith in “gods,” “spirits,” “demons,” and “images.”
The Frisians and Nostratica
The Frisians’ migration was not merely the spread of Aryan or Indo-European waves at rather foreseeable intervals. In the Oera Linda Chronicle, the white children of Frya correspond to the more modern presentations of the “Nostratic” porto-tribes, the carriers of the paradigmatic proto-language of Eurasia (and earlier that of the polar, now flooded land). The Indo-Germanic peoples were merely the last historical wave of the Frisians who were preceded by many other waves that laid the foundation of the pre-dynastic Egyptian, Sumerian, proto-Turkic, Kartvelian, and even Sino-Tibetan cultures. The “nostratic” intellect of the Eurasian and North-African languages corresponded to the traditional “Hyperborean” and “nostratic Frisian” paradigm which, being transmitted to one or another people of the Frisian type in one or another pre-historical people, gradually degraded, became detached, and lost its resemblance to the primordial, crystal hieroglyphs and subsequently transformed into belief in “gods”, “spirits,” and “demons.” Thus, the white race of the Oera Linda does not match the historical white race of the Indo-European races, but precedes it by many millennia.
It is important to note that Frya’s sons not only established the sacred, linguistic, and mythological base for the cultures of Finda’s type, but themselves reversed the effects of this degraded type. Thus arose the mixed, “Fino-Frisian” forms of tradition which, on the one hand, included spiritual cults of a “Hyperborean culture” while, on the other hand, bore typically “Asian” features. The Hittites, Scythians, Cimmerians, and Celts were such peoples. Moreover, many Indo-European tribes gradually absorbed “Finish” elements, such as the Germanic peoples of the Scaldic era, the Romans, Greeks, and Hindus of the post-Vedic period who were themselves quite far removed from the original “Frisian” state.
Such a presentation of the original white race of polar origin actually destroys the established notion of the Middle East as the focal center of civilization, writing, culture, etc. Moreover, in the logic of the Frisians’ migration, the Middle East appears as a later (in terms of pre-history) center of interaction between various streams of Frisian influence which flocked to the region from literally all corners of the world that were only then “Finized” in a most often distorted form, not a pure one. The Libyans, Takhars, and Amorites came to the Middle East from the West while the proto-Germanic peoples and proto-Celts came from the North. From the South-East came the proto-Turkic peoples and proto-Finns (this time in the historically narrow ethnic sense). The Ethiopians came from the South, and from the East came the Elamites and later the Persians and Dravidians. Thus, the famous concept of “ex Oriente Lux,” or “Light from the East,” or “Phoenician factor” in a cultural sense turns out to be not the source, but the distant consequence, a syncretic and simplistic summation of various aspects of the Frisian tradition brought there in already mixed, distorted “Finish” versions dating back to far more distant epochs.
Thus, the racial factor, as derived from the mythology of the Oera Linda Chronicle, perfectly accords with the modern linguistic “Nostratic” theory on the common origin of the whole spectrum of Eurasian languages . On the other hand, the dialectical relation between the Frisian and Finish types in the sphere of sacred forms is key to understanding the many ancient transformations of mythological and religious complexes.
White esotericism and yellow exotericism
The main contradiction in the Oera Linda Chronicle is the confrontation between the culture of the “sons of Frya” and the culture of the “sons of Finda.” The meaning of this confrontation corresponds with astonishing accuracy to what have been called the “exoteric” (external) and “esoteric” (internal) sides of Tradition. Finda embodies the specificities of “exotericism,” as God existed outside of the “sons of Finda” as does sacred law. The Fin perceives himself as a “servant of God”, the “lord’s property” existing outside of God himself. The Divine is thus manifested in such external images as idols and symbols which, for the sake of clarity, are supposed to possess a “naturalistic” character, the appearance of something concrete and tangible. The religious life of a Fin, just like his social life, is thus reduced to suppressing and punishing personal spiritual passions (in the case of religion), women (in the case of the family), or other people (in the case of social hierarchy), etc. At the head of the political and religious structure of Finish society stand the “magicians,” the “priestly kings,” who in relation to the people as a whole thus perform the function of the “subject” , the “incarnate deity”, or the mediator between the “lower” person and “higher” spirit.
The “children of Frya”, on the contrary, illustrate the “esoteric” level of Tradition. For them, God is within and is identical with sacred law and their own “I.” The Frisian perceives himself as “free in god” (Gottesfreie) and as an embodiment of freedom. For the Frisian, the Divine exists without an intermediary, outside of images or symbols. If the Frisian uses a symbol, then it is only a purely abstract, non-naturalistic, geometrically mathematical one. The religious life of the Frisian passed under the sign of justice and the rule of wisdom over deeds. He lives in a state of “aristocratic equality” and “harmony,” and inhibits no-one – neither his own feelings, since they concede with his wisdom and godly, “theophanic” worldview, nor women (who are absolutely obedient and are the material embodiment of the purity of his spiritual race, the white mirror of the world spirit, the guardians of the Nordic fire), nor other people, as he honors their freedom to be as holy as his own. Finally, instead of a priestly king, a “mediator” between people and the “gods,” the Frisians have the “White Lady,” the Great Priestess who is nothing other than their own racial substance and is not something external, but something internal, the tangible presence of the spirit uniformly distributed in each of the sons of the “goddess” Frya.
If we turn to historically known traditions, then we see a remarkably similar ratio between their esoteric and exoteric sides. If in some cases both of these aspects co-exist without conflict, then in other cases they are contradicted by one another which often leads to religious wars, reforms, schisms, and the rise of heresies. Thus, the dramatic confrontation of the Frisians and Fins in the racial conceptualization of the mythological, sacred geography of the Oera Linda Chronicle can be taken as a paradigm of considering the dynamics of religious reforms in Eurasia. The most glaringly evident example of this is the confrontation between Christianity (an esoteric, essentially Frisian tradition) and the later “residual” Judaism (which reproduces in itself all of the most characters signs of of “Finish” sacrality). It is also telling that the zone of Christianity’s historical spread coincides to a significant extent with the territories inhabited by the descendants of the last waves of the Frisian migrations, who preserved the memory of the “God within”, the “White Lady,” and the “God-given freedom of the supreme”, etc. more clearly than all the other “Finized” peoples.
The majority of Eurasian (and North African) ethni in which the Finish element is predominant converted to Islam, which has an emphatically exoteric character. On this note, it is extremely telling that the most “Frisian” aspects of the Islamic tradition, in particular Shi’ism (which highlights the mystical role of the Fatima, the progenitor of the “divine race” of the Imams, the “light of Ali” within believers, the thesis of the “lahut,” and the dignity of the Imams themselves, etc.) captured the areas predominantly inhabited by Indo-Europeans (Shi’ite Iran), while the majority of Finish ethni, such as the “Arabs” and “Turks”, are Sunnis.
As a hypothesis, it can be assumed that certain racial particularities stand behind the phenomenon of Islamic Sufism which is also a sacred from of the distinctly “Frisian” type. Although Sufism is widespread among peoples of the Finish type who are Muslims in their majority, it is possible that in the Sufi communities are grouped mainly those rudimentary sprinklings of other ethnic groups who, after dissolving into the general mass, distinguished themselves yet again, this time on purely spiritual grounds instead of ethnocultural criteria.
Democracy and Totalitarianism
The last two thousand years of Eurasian history and the dialectic of political transformations in Eurasian states can also be examined from a mythological perspective on racial types according to the Oera Linda Chronicle. All of the aspects of “aristocratic equality” can be assigned to the “Frisian” archetype while all “authoritarian,” “centralized,” and “tyrannical” systems accord with the “Finish” model. Of course, here, as in other cases, most often are found mixed versions containing elements of both structures since the peoples who acted in these epochs were almost all racially mixed without exception. Therefore, it is only possible to speak of things “relating to the Frisian variant” and “relating to the Finish variant,” in which the proportions of these two elements can substantially vary.
In essence, if we understand the racial particularities of the two fundamentally political paradigms of “democracy” and “totalitarianism,” then all the ambivalence of their confrontation becomes obvious, as does the essence of the disputes between “right” and “left” through the political history of the last centuries. “Freedom,” “equality,” and “fraternity,” are good for “free”, “equal,” and “fraternal” “Frisians”, and imposing despotic systems upon them would be a clear abuse of their racial nature. “Hierarchy,” “order,” and “discipline” are absolutely essential for people of the “Finish” type, while molding a “democratic regime” out of them will never lead to anything else but anarchy, disgrace, and degradation which naturally, logical ends in only greater “tyranny.” In this sense, we should understand the words of Plato that “democracy logically entails tyranny.”
The races of Russia
The history of the Russian state and Russia, lying at the center of the Eurasian continent, is significant to the greatest extent insofar as it brilliantly illustrates the whole complex of racial dialectics characteristic of Eurasian territories and ethni, albeit in a less obvious form. The pre-Russian history of the Slavs is above all tied to the last wave of the “Frisian” migration from the flooded island, the “Ingvaeones’ kingdom,” as the Slavs were originally, organically included in the Indo-European, Aryan cultural and racial bloc. At the same time, however, the history of Russia as a special geopolitical space represents something else.
First of all, according to the Old Russian Chronicles, Russian history began with the calling of Rurik to kingship which precisely corresponds to the “Finish” archetype of social organization in which a “Frisian” is called to be a priestly king, a “magician.”
Secondly, the “Chud,” “Mer,” and “Muroma”, i.e., “Asian” and “Finish” peoples, appeared among the Slavic tribes already in the first lines of the chronicle. Thus, we find the “Asian” sample at the very onset of the Russian state.
The later baptism of Rus and its feudal fragmentation are evidence of a strengthening of the “Frisian” factor, the “white” element, or carrier of the “white” religion which develops and begins to create the structure of “aristocratic equality.” In this period, the most “Gnostic” and “esoteric” elements of Russian spirituality were put into place, on the matter of which it is important to note that in some of the lands of Rus, and particularly in Novgorod and in general in the North, the “Frisian” model is rooted quite deeply and firmly. The invasion of the Mongols, the bearers of an obviously “Finish” model – hierarchy, discipline, and a developed repressive apparatus – tilted the (still far from absolutized) Frisian complex, thereby integrating Rus into the Yellow Empire which covered practically the whole of Eurasia except Northwestern Europe. But the Empire of Genghis Khan itself crumbled due to the expansion of the “aristocratic element” (once again the “Frisian” factor) among its rulers. Then Russia finally chose the “sons of Finda” type of state and took upon themselves the mission of uniting Northeastern Eurasia. Until the end of the Mongol yoke, the “Russian aristocracy” was constantly persecuted by the monarchs and the “Frisian” element was relegated to the purely religious sphere in the “equality” and “brotherhood” of Orthodox monasteries. After the long and more or less stable imperial period with the obvious domination of the “sons of Finda” complex, the “democratic” concept, already completely alien to the racial type of the Russian population, once again appeared in the form of the communist eschatological doctrine which heralded the beginning of a restoration of “Hyperborean,” heavenly proportions.
The races of Europe
The European zone of the Eurasian content is geographically closer to the sacred island, the cult center of the “sons of Freya.” Indeed, the “democratic” cultural type is found there much more often in history than in Asian or North-African regions. However, it would be a mistake to believe that Europe is inhabited only by “Frisians” and is therefore homogenous in its racial substrate. In Europe’s northern part, the “Frisian” element is mixed to a significant extent with the Lapp-Finic ethnos which in Eastern and Central Europe is phenotypically akin to the so-called “Alpine” race. Western Europe is to a significant extent “Celtized,” and the “Celts” themselves were already a mixed people in antiquity according to the Oera Linda Chronicle. Finally, the population of Europe’s southern regions, the so-called “Mediterranean race”, bears a significant number of Middle-Eastern, Levantine, and Semitic racial traits. Thus, in their ancient, autochthonous Eurasian base preserved in the “Mongoloid Europeans” (and in particular the “Bigoudens” of France, who are indigenous French phenotypically indistinguishable from Paleoasiatic peoples) and in other non-European racial components (the Finnish, North African, Semitic and Turkic), the peoples of Europe are the descendants of the “sons of Finda.”
Given this racial heterogeneity, it becomes obvious that if European “Democracies” are to be stable, then they must be compensated by a fairly strict control of the “totalitarian” type. Herein lie the particularities of the modern “democratic” regimes of the West behind the facades of “equality” and “liberty” of which lurks a strict hierarchical system implicitly guiding the “Finish” herd in the right direction. The modern “magicians” governing Western societies, however, to this end utilize more refined and subtle means than the king-priests of ancient Eurasia.
The Nordic Tragedy
The Oera Linda Chronicle connects its sacred-racial approach not only to geography, but also to the logic of history. Here, sacred history has a cyclical character as the flowering of the spirit gives way to its decline, which yields new prosperity. In the Chronicle’s account, the main subjects of ancient history are the “children of Freya” whose victory is identical to the height of the spiritual world, and whose defeat is its downfall. The whole history traced by the Oera Linda Chronicle begins with the sinking of “Altlanda,” the “old land,” i.e., the history of the Frisians’ decline as the downward trajectory of the cycle. In the beginning, their “great Homeland”, Altland, is destroyed only for their new lands in the North Sea, which were at one point located in the shallows of the Dogger, to sink. Later, they are forced to migrate to Eurasia where they mix with the tribes of the Fins or are pressured by them. In the end, the treacherous magicians declare a real war on the Frisians and in their invasions interrupt the sacred tradition of the “White Virgins.” The last of them perishes at the hands of the magicians, and the sacred Nordic fire dies. Those who remain of the Frisians are scattered across Eurasia or indulge in sailing to unknown lands. A rather curious story from the Oera Linda Chronicle is that of the Frisian sailor named Inka (sic!) who sets off for distant lands never to return. Here it is worth recalling the theory of the historian Jacques de Maio of the “Viking” origin of the sun-worshiping Incans’ civilization. Be that as it may, the Frisians’ line descends lower and low while the peoples of Finda, on the contrary, rise and gain all the more strength.
According to the prophecy of the last “White Virgin,” the misfortune of the Frisians is to last until the beginning of the third millennium (from Christ’s birth). At this moment, the decline of the Frisians reaches its lowest point, its winter solstice, only for the world spirit, Wr-alda, to once again breathe its “Od”, its “breath” into the white people and instantly revive “Frisian civilization,” i.e., re-enliven the divine Frya and save all of her faithful sons and daughters. Thus, the racial cycle of the Frisians also possesses an eschatological perspective and its own mysterious end. In the abyss of their fall, the Hyperborean ethnos, crushed by Finda and the treacherous magicians, is still destined to see the grandiose prosperity of its nordic culture and regain its lost freedom, “freedom in God.”
Return of the myth
The racial paradigm of the Oera Linda Chronicle represents a classic model of the mythological explanation of historical patterns. As with any myth, it sometimes intersects with scientific data and in some places exits into the dimension of completely unprovable postulates. But in the 20th century, the sphere of the myth did not disappear following positivist criticism and scientific enthusiasm but, on the contrary, once again found itself at the center of attention. A myth is evaluated not according to its conformity to objective reality (just as the concept of “objective reality” seems all the more unreliable and inconsistent), but by its virtue of impacting culture, the consciousness of people, and social transformation. The ethnic (or racial) interpretation of events has always been one of the most powerful, hypnotic, and most exhilarating.
It is no surprise that the Oera Linda Chronicle was at the center of attention in Germany in the 1920’s-1930’s when the national-racial interpretation of the world achieved its climax in Central Europe. At some point in real history, this myth turned out to have enormous influence on the course of events. Culture can be desacralized, but human blood and one’s native land will sooner or later make themselves felt and call to life the dormant archetypes of past ages. It is also no surprise that most prefer to ignore the topic of race today, and that the Oera Linda Chronicle has been safely forgotten. This is understandable, since the scenes of the last war are still fresh memories, especially since the European “Frisians” were determined to put the Eurasian “Fins” in their place.
The awakening of racial myth in its time brought monstrous catastrophe to Germany and the world. But the myth itself was not responsible for this, but the pragmatism and lack of criticality of its use. If the sacred is cast for a long time into the periphery of reality, then the surprise is that it will return in a monstrous, distorted form.
The return of a myth should be prepared meticulously and cautiously in advance given the consequences, and even catastrophic potential, of it getting out of hand in being brought to life.
(Mysteries of Eurasia)
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Two related texts by Dugin in English translation:
On the Question of Russian Runes (chapter 9 of Mysteries of Eurasia)
Herman Wirth: Runes, Great Yule, and the Arctic Homeland (foreword to Signs of the Great North: The Hyperborean Theory (Moscow, Veche: 2008))